staying warm

Staying Warm If the Air If Frigid

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Staying Warm If the Air If Frigid Layer yourself with the new synthetics for maximum protection Whether you’re out skiing the slopes, shoveling the driveway, or just walking to work, there is a science to keeping your body warm in freezing temperatures. Heat loss is directly proportionate to the amount of body surface that you […]

Australia and Oceania

Australia and Oceania

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Australia and Oceania 1971 — 1995 Island Nations Yearn to Be Free Australia dominates a region still isolated from much of the world. Oceania is a checkboard of social and economic conditions. But Australia, the most populous country of the region, boasts 100 percent literacy, a low infant mortality rate, and a relatively healthy standard […]

Europe in 1970

Europe in 1970 – 1995

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Europe in 1970 – 1995 Can Europe Get It Together? With the fall of the Berlin wall, Germany is unified. Is Europe next? It is no real surprise, given the relatively short time since democracy swept over Eastern Europe, that Western Europe remains the continent’s economic power. But even in the poorer eastern countries, literacy […]

middle east

Middle East

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The Middle East in 1967-1995 In 1967 few would have believed that in 1995 Israeli leaders and Palestine Liberation Organization leader Yasir Arafat would be charting a program for peace. Arafat, once a brutal terrorist responsible for bombings of innocent civilians, is now regarded, albeit warily, as the legitimate representative of the Palestinian people. The […]

Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia

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Southeast Asia In 1975 – 1995 From Burma to the Philippines, Southeast Asia has had more than its share of misfortune in the last quarter century, enduring some of the most brutal governments since the Nazis ruled Germany.

Asia emerges

Asia Emerges

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Asia Emerges: The Dawn of the Pacific Century 1970 – 1995: Despite wars and turmoil, Asia emerges as an economic power Home to more than half the world’s population, Asia is a force to be reckoned with – both economically and politically. Pacific rim nations manufacture a great deal of the world’s consumer goods, and […]

south america

South America

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South America Don’t cry for South America. Where there once were dictators, there now are many elected leaders publicly accountable to the voting masses. Inefficient, state-run autocracies have transformed themselves into free-market democracies. It’s been a remarkable transformation in a short amount of time. Furthermore, the Yankees have, more or less, gone home. Historically, the […]

underwater volcanoes

Underwater Volcanoes

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Underwater Volcanoes A volcano is a mountain with a crater at the top from which magma, rock debris, dust and other particles from the Earth’s crust can erupt. Volcanoes can be very dangerous and can not only disrupt flights, but also destroy entire cities (such as Pompeii). While volcanoes are above ground, in certain parts […]

caribbean

Central America and Caribbean

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Central America and the Caribbean By the end of the 1960s, most of the sundrenched Caribbean islands had gained their independence from colonial overlords. But many Central American governments were still dominated by military strongmen. In Central America, Mexico was one of the few countries to escape a military coup. The last quarter century has […]

Time for a Superpower

Time for a Superpower

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Testing Time for a Superpower (1970-1995) Vietnam, Watergate, the fall of communism have changed America… What a difference a quarter of a century makes. In 1970, the countries of the Western Hemisphere – and none more than the United States – were preoccupied with the threat of communism. Cuba, a small island nation 90 miles […]

africa in 1970s

Africa in 1970s – 1990s

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Africa in 1970s – 1990s: a continent in crisis Colonialism is a relic of the past, but plenty of troubles remain “Seek ye first the political kingdom”, advised Kwame Nkrumah, who followed his own advice and became the first leader of an independent Ghana. Indeed, most of Africa followed his counsel. As Gavin Williams, a […]

biblical times

Words That Changed the World

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Words That Changed the World From Biblical Times From Biblical times to the present, these documents have shaped our history Code of Hammurabi, c. 1750 B.C: one of the oldest known legal codes, it lays down the principle of “an eye for an eye”.

Selected Religious Holidays

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Selected Religious Holidays Ramadan, Islam, Begins January, 21: The fourth of the five pillars of Islam is to keep the fast of Ramadan, which celebrates Muhammad’s reception of the divine revelations recorded in the Koran. During the month-long fast, Muslims (except soldiers and the sick) may not eat between sunrise and sunset.

international holidays

Selected International Holidays

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Selected International Holidays New Year, China, February 19, Second new moon after winter solstice: In Chinese tradition, twelve years’ cycle is used. Families gather on New Year’s Eve for a sumptuous banquet (the fish dish served last is not eaten, symbolizing the hope that there will be food left at the end of the year) […]

Portrait of a Nation

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Portrait of a Nation America’s population is growing, graying, and moving West Americans love statistics about themselves. Hardly a day passes without a poll being released. Here, gleaned from the pages of the Statistical Abstract of the United States, the national data book published annually by the Department of Commerce, are some other facts and […]

Presidential Reading List

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Presidential Reading List The following books are lauded by historians and pundits as the best sources of information about the institution and the individuals that make up the presidency General Books Presidential Power and the Modern Presidents: the Politics of Leadership from Roosevelt to Reagan by Richard E. Neustadt: The classic. A prominent Harvard professor […]

First-Rate Presidents

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First-Rate Presidents and Fascinating First Ladies Who were the most successful presidents? The most interesting? The most overrated? And what about the first ladies? Some picks are listed here in chronological order. Most successful presidents George Washington: He established precedence and assured the democratic future of the republic. He gave us stability after a long […]

Making of Presidency

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Making of Presidency How the office has changed in more than 250 years. How has the institution of the presidency evolved since George Washington took office in 1789? How has the presidency changed over the years? It was created by Washington, who was very conscious that he was the first president, and that everything he […]

Presidents of the U.S.

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Presidents of the U.S. They Had the Right Stuff Gerald Ford once commented on the early days of his troubled presidency, “I guess it just proves that in America anyone can be president.” Of course, it helps if you’re white, male and protestant. Following are some of the traits that America’s top executives have had […]

Monitor Representative

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How to Monitor Representative Keeping Tabs on Your Legislators How closely does that campaign rhetoric match the reality? You can’t monitor every vote of your Representative personally, but there are organizations that do just that and more on a regular basis. We’ve listed some of the most influential interest groups in the U.S., whether you […]

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