Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder and Schizophreniform Disorders
The purpose of the present essay is to discuss schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a mental illness affecting persons around the world. A highly debilitating illness, but with a hopeful prognosis in certain cases, scientists have looked at the disorder from different perspectives. The neuroscience point of view has shed light on the brain differences between persons with schizophrenia and persons without. Likewise, geneticists have looked at the genetic basis for the disease, pinpointing to genes such as DISC1 on chromosome 1q42, which impacts schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder and bipolar disorder, all representing mental illnesses with psychotic features. Other genes such as neuregulin, dysbindin, COMT, RGS4, GRM3 and G72 have likewise been implicated. (more…)
Much has been written on the topic of schizophrenia and depression, or MDD – Major Depressive Disorder, but less is known about schizoaffective disorder, a condition featuring elements of both a mood disorder and schizophrenia. Thus, as classified by the DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual) and ICD (International Classification of Diseases), schizoaffective disorder is a mental illness that affects your moods and thoughts and combines elements of schizophrenia and mood disorders such as bipolar disorder or depression. (more…)
Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalytical Theories
Relationships have been studied by psychologists for decades. Sigmund Freud, the founding father of psychoanalysis focused on the sexuality aspect. Indeed, Freud pioneered psychoanalytical theories, which have largely been discarded today, and are mostly taught in psychology university programs for their historical value. Thus, Freud described psychosexual stages of development and believed that adults form relationships by resolving deep seated, subconscious psychological conflicts. (more…)
Schizophrenia and Psychotic Illnesses
A reason to hope
(Abnormal psychology or clinical psychology
Schizophrenia and psychotic illnesses are treatable brain disorders. Unfortunately people are not always getting the help they need. A diagnosis reaches beyond the individual, it also impacts families and friends who can provide a crucial support network. Schizophrenia and psychotic illnesses are truly a community illness and demands a community response. (more…)
The Best of Friends
By Dr. Megan Jorgensen
Lucky I’m in love with my best friend – Jason Mraz and Colbie Caillat
Asapparent from songs’ lyrics, movie features and anecdotal stories, everydaylife may be enhanced, while hardships lightened, by friendship. Indeed, belongingis considered a formal human need, while peer pressure is responsible for manyan unpleasant decision, especially in more vulnerable persons. Along these lines, the social scientists looking most closely at suchinterpersonal interactions are social and personality psychologists. (more…)
The purpose of this essay is to outline the main techniques used in psychology writing and research. Even the first course most psychology students take, often as a prerequisite to study the social science, shows that the body of knowlegde, rests mainly on psychological experiments and other research. Students undertaking an education in the field will doubtless encounter at least introductory level courses in research and quantitative methods, as well as, statistics. Indeed, basics such as probability theory and the normal distribution are crucial to understanding many experiments’ results. (more…)
The purpose of the present essay is discussing psychological research and sources of pertinent information on how write papers in psychology. Indeed, psychology is a fascinating subject! Much has been written on the topic, both in academic literature and by bloggers on the internet. Indeed, for recent research and peer-reviewed journal articles, one is directed to online databases such GoogleScholar, PsycInfo, EBSCOHost, Proquest and MedLine. Alternatively, informational Websites such as GrandQuebec contain many references and discussions of the matter. (more…)
Psychosocial Factors in Schizoaffective Disorder
Schizoaffective disorder is a serious mental illness which directly and negatively impacts a patient’s quality of life. After a prolonged period, patients often end up friendless. Also, people who suffer from such critical conditions as schizoaffective disorder often live in poverty and may even end up homeless. Clearly, family and social support is very important in improving quality of life for schizoaffective disorder patients alongside from the professional treatment they get from psychiatrists.
Psychosocial factors include family and social support. Image: Megan Jorgensen
Quality of life often declines before the psychotic symptoms even develop. Indeed, since schizoaffective disorder includes elements from bipolar disorder or depression, depressive symptoms may be present even before the psychotic features are evident. A very serious problem for the carers of persons suffering from this mental illness is that often the patients refuse to believe that there is something wrong with them. To them, their delusions or hallucinations represent reality and they do not think that anything needs to be addressed by a specialist.
Further, another challenge faced by those suffering from mental illnesses requiring treatment by antipsychotic medication are the potential side effects. For example, risperidone is often prescribed to treat psychotic symptoms, but may produce an intense feeling of restlessness and an inability to sit still, among other things. Some patients suffer so much from the side effects that they prefer to stop taking the medication altogether, which is very dangerous and very detrimental to the course of their disease. How is anyone ever going to get better if they stop taking their medication?
In addition to their illness, individuals with schizoaffective disorder may suffer from poverty and homelessness. Image: Megan Jorgensen
Paranoid ideation may resume if the medication is stopped. Indeed, to reiterate, the patient may not understand that the delusions are part of their illness until the antipsychotic medication takes effect. For instance, a particular young man had ideas of reference and reacted negatively to any attempt by his family to have him seen by a psychiatrist. Overtime, he was eventually convinced to seek help and after a few weeks on antipsychotic medication he himself understood that his erotomanic delusions and ideas of reference were a product of his mind and of his mental illness.
Steve Jobs outlined once a number or principles that should be followed. These include the number of word you have on each slide. Jobs explained that the word count should be limited to fifty words maximum, but this does not include extra text, such as sources. This practice will help you to be more concise and focus on the core messages.
The presentation muss be accompanied by general commonsense rules, such as using a clear font so that everyone can read it without any complications. (more…)
Self-Control and Ego-Depletion
An important topic in psychology is self-control or willpower, the implications of which are tremendous to both individuals and societies. An interesting psychological theory involves ego-depletion, stating that inner resources can get used up in tasks necessitating self-control. For example, if one has to exercise self-control on task A, it may be more difficult to exercise self-control on task B at a later time.