mayflower compact

The Mayflower Compact

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The Mayflower Compact The roots of the Constitution are found in a hastily written charter Cape Cod, November 11, 1620. – The principle of government by written contract was established in the New World in part because of a mix-up in directions. A band of devout religious separatists, now known as the Piligrims, decided in […]

technology for defense

Technology for defense

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Technology for defense (By TRW System group, written by the Public relations Department, 1972) When we think of national defense, we perhaps most often think of the gigantic ballistic missile network – the Titan II and Minuteman ICBM’s that stand poised in underground silos across the country. But there are many other areas of military […]

spectrum of light

Spectrum of Light

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Spectrum of Light The spectrum runs from high frequencies of visible light to low ones – violet, blue, green, yellow, orange and red (light is a wave motion; its frequency is the number of wave crests, say, entering a detection instrument, such as a retina, in a given unite of time, such as a second. […]

Right Triangle

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The Ins and Outs of a Right Triangle The relationships between the angles of a right triangle and its sides have been studied by mathematicians for millennia. Among the important trigonometric concepts are: Sine: Ina right triangle, the ratio of the opposite side of a given acute angle to the hypotenuse is known as the […]


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Tesseract In such interdimensional contemplations, we need not be restricted to two dimensions. We can imagine a world of one dimension, were everyone is a line segment, or even the magical world of zero-dimensional beasts, the points. But perhaps more interesting is the question of higher dimensions. We can imagine generating a cube in the […]


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Geometry This branch of mathematics deals with points, lines, planes, and figures and their properties, measurement, and spatial relationships. Angles: Angles are expressed in degrees, which are fractions of a circle. A circle has 360 degrees. An acute angle is greater than zero degrees and less than 90. A right angle has 90 degrees. The […]

Flatland – Critical Review

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Flatland Fascination with geometrical figures is evident not only in scientific and artistic endeavors, but also in literature. For instance, Flatland: A Romance of Many Dimensions is a 1884 satire by Edwin A. Abbot. The famous work has since been placed into the public domain, as confirmed by Authorama. An excerpt is presented below. Concerning […]

Placing Math on a Timeline

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Placing Math on a Timeline The study of numbers has been both practical and sublime for millennia. Without numbers it would be impossible to set a clock, keep score, or create a symphony. If numbers had not been needed the civilizations of ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt and China would not have felt it necessary to invent […]

Building Blocks of Matter

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Building Blocks of Matter The periodic table of elements include them all The periodic table of the elements was first devised in the 19th century to show the atomic weights of the elements and to group them by similar properties. The discovery of protons and electrons in atoms in the early 20th century gave rise […]

Twist Bioscience

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Twist Bioscience Can it be true? Twist Bioscience, a company accelerating science and innovation through rapid, high-quality DNA synthesis, just struck a contract with Microsoft and the University of Washington to encode vast amounts of information on synthetic genes. That’s, they will make and use synthetic DNA to store digital data. All digital data needs […]

Electronic Warfare

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Electronic Warfare Written by TRW’s Systems group, in 1972 Electronic warfare probably began the moment that a military commander started to listen in on his enemy’s radio dispatches – or jam them when he found them no longer yielded any useful information. Today, electronics is the mainstay of military communications, radar warning systems, missile guidance, […]

weatheer forecasts

Weather Forecasts

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Weather Forecasts Rain Today, Sun Tomorrow Short-term predictions are much improved, say the weather pros The days when you could claim that a flare-up of an old sports injury was a better barometer of weather changes than the forecasts provided by your local television station are fast-disappearing. Experts report that in recent years there have […]

Anatomy of a Computer

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Anatomy of a Computer You too can talk like a nerd once you`ve mastered a few basic terms You don`t have to take a programming course or lock yourself up for days on end attempting to decode technical manuals to understand the basic principles on which computers operate. There are virtually no moving parts inside […]

old science

Old Science

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Old Science When one looks at science from a historical perspective, it can be said that science has not always followed a linear path of development. For example, if one draws a diagram of scientific development, one can see that a lot more technological progress has been achieved in the last hundred or so years […]


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Automation Perhaps, in the 2010s, the most important progress driver is informational technology (IT). For instance, computer skills are indispensable to gainful employment. Computers truly changed the very nature of the environment, but automated systems extend to robots and androids. Turkle (2005) tells how strong relationships between computers and people can be, as the author […]

Japanese Paper

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Japanese Paper Beyond Words Generations of artisans have crafted marvelous world of Japanese paper. They continue to do so even today. Over time, mechanisation has led to new techniques and new products, integrating Western materials and approaches while remaining an integral part Japanese culture. Paper of every kind tends itself to art, games, architecture, religious […]

Tracing Family Tree

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Tracing Your Family Tree It’s amazing how much you can learn about ancestors if you look Descended from the Highlands? Ascended from the Lowlands? Are there drops of blood from Genghis Khan, Dr. Livingston, or Sor Juana de la Cruz coursing through your veins? Does that racy family secret really have any truth to it? […]

Antikhytera Mechanism

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Antikythera Mechanism The first-known computer in the world, designed and constructed in 205 BC. The Antikythera very complex clockwork mechanism is an ancient analog computer used to calculate and predict astronomical positions of the five known planets and our Sun, as well as solar and lunar eclipses for calendrical and astrological purposes. It was also […]

Transnational Corporations in China

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Transnational Corporations in China Transnationals are important in the world where the BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China) are a force to be reckoned with. China, with its 2 billion of people, is the most populous country in the world. The People’s Republic of China (PRC)’s entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO) opened up […]

New Horizons

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New Horizons By NASA, 42 pages US Government Printing Office This latest NASA pamphlet is reminiscent of the colorful “Report to Stockholders” booklets which corporations distribute annually to prove that they are good investment. All taxpayers are stockholders in the United State Space program; any who read this report will become convinced that NASA is […]

bane of childhood

The Bane of Childhood

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The Bane of Childhood Earaches are the most common health complaint among children Measles, mumps, and whooping cough are considered childhood rites of passage, but the most recurring of all children’s aliments is the middle ear infection. Indeed, a recent study by the National Center for Health Statistics shows that earaches among children are soaring. […]

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